What is Cashmere wool?
Cashmere wool, also referred to as "golden fleece" or " king's fibre" is obtained from a particular type of goat (scientific name: Hircus Blythi Goat) commonly found in Asian Highlands, especially Mongolia, China, Tibet and Afghanistan. In these zones, high temperature excursions between day and night encourage the underfur growth also referred to as duvet. This precious gift from mother nature has been giving this creature an ultimate thermo-regulating qualities and thereby protecting it from a wide range of temperature fluctuations. That is the main source of this noble fibre which is known worldwide as cashmere.
The soft and fine nature of cashmere wool cannot be over-emphasised as it possesses a unique texture which translates to the soft and convenient feel on the skin. A trial will convince you.
Cashmere fibres possess a unique kind of natural elasticity which makes it easy for the fibres to return back to their original shape when stressed. This quality gives cashmere wool the sturdy nature that it has.
Cashmere wool has an excellent temperature regulation property as it has the auto thermal regulation property that allows it to perfectly maintain an unchanged body temperature in all weather. A property which has earned it a special spot in the heart of both fabrics industries and consumers.
The ability of this material to absorb water vapour and therefore sweat makes it an eligible candidate when talking about breathable fabrics. Wearing this material directly over your skin for any amount of time and subsequently removing it will still leave your skin ever fresh and smooth as if you never wore it.
The natural electrostatic distribution of cashmere wool gives it the quality to prevent dust attraction and build up and thereby leaving the fabric clean and neat at all times.
The making of cashmere
The transformation processes involved in the making of cloth fabrics are usually very delicate and they are mainly hand-made.The processes include harvesting, selection, washing, spinning and knitting. Harvesting of duvet usually commences between May and the beginning of summer. This is the period during which moulting takes place on the animals’ underfur. This practice which is a tradition that has been in existence for up to a thousand years requires skilful hands that will harvest the fluff from the goat's under fleece without damaging it or inflicting any injures to the animals: this operation is normally carried out only twice with 3 to 4 weeks of time interval. This practice can yield from 200 to 500 grams of duvet that decreases by half after transformation into yarn. Selection of finest parts of the fibres comes next after transformation. This is done by hand to separate the bigger fibres from impurities. Next, the fabrics undergo thorough wash and spin cycles until perfect homogenised fibres are obtained. At the end of the production chain you can get, from a single Chinese goat, 200 grams of duvet on average (less than a single cashmere wrap). This, together with the provenience ‘ long distance, explain the high price of this very fine material.